Art is an intuitive yet intrinsic way of expressing the intellectual brilliance of human beings.
The existence of God and the onset of civilization come side by side.
All the mysterious incidents that primitive man went through propelled them to show their expressiveness. Religion, Art, and Science all show cultural legacy in general.
ART AND CULTURE DURING THE INCEPTION OF CIVILISATION
Unlike the ancient cultures of the Babylonian, the Egyptian, or even the Greek, Indian culture is still a living factor, and it's still going on its terms.
The seemingly perfect topology of the Indian subcontinent is the most significant factor in their quest to sustain and their urge to maintain the inheritance.
When we first appeared on the horizon of history, we had an already developed and rich culture.
INDO-ARYANS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTION TO ART AND CIVILISATION
The Rigveda is the first written record of humankind.
The pictures of people already settled down to a life of agriculture, village handicrafts, and social life, along with abundant material culture sources, are evident in the Vedic times.
Through music, beautiful arts and architecture, astronomy, Ayurveda, yoga, philosophy, and the mathematical system, Indo-Aryans contributed too much to humanity.
However, there was no idol worship.
THE INDUS VALLEY CIVILISATION AND THE NATIVITY OF ARTISTIC CULTURE
The earliest works of our craftsmanship were found in Harappa, Mohenjo Daro, Chanhudaro, Lothal, Urkatoda, and Kalibangan.
Hardcore depictions and rigid superiority of the then-privileged ones led to the downfall of the Vedic culture.
The foundation of the Santan Dharma and many bibliographies of the whole era is still in practice, now known as Hinduism.
JAINISM AND BUDDHISM A LADDER IN THE SKYSCAPE OF THIS RITCH CULTURE
We witnessed the rise of Buddhism and later Jainism to counter the drawbacks of Vedic arrangements.
During this period, art and architecture were in the form of pillars, stupas, and chaityas. Ashoka built the great Sanchi stupa.
The Cave art of Ajanta in Maharashtra, now a UNESCO World Heritage site, elaborates on the beautiful works of Buddha.
With the spread of Buddhism, sculptures narrating Jataka tales and important incidents of Buddha's life were made.
Jain architecture is seen in their temples and monasteries.
The beautiful Jain paintings are cosmological depictions of their universe. Palm-leaf manuscripts found their place in this period.
HINDUISM, THE MOTHER WHO RAISED THE GOLDEN FLETCHLING
Hinduism was still active, and miniature and larger paintings of Hindu deities were recovered along with others.
In this medieval period, artistic and intellectual activities were prominent. Great use of gold in India got her name as ' sone ki chidiya '( golden bird).
The Bhakti movement (15th-17th CE) witnessed a devotional transformation and a surge of literature in Hindi and regional languages.
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ISLAM AND THE FUSION OF CULTURES
The prosperity of India attracted Muslim invaders.
The assemblage of the erstwhile two different traditions brought several edifices and buildings.
Art, architecture, monuments, buildings, and even customs and practices of this era reflect the fusion of the two cultures.
MODERN-DAY INDIA AND THE OUTLOOK
During the British regime, India struggled in every way. Literature-wise, this period was remarkable. Every Indian participated in getting the freedom of India.
India is a land of festivals, rituals, and endless inherited customs. There is a vivid, vibrant reflection of humanity, whether it's arts, dance, literature, sculptures, temples, or even houses.
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Author: Shalini Priyadarshiny
Editor: Akash Rupam Ekka